What is a Crypto Mining Pool? Is it Profitable?

What is a Crypto Mining Pool
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What is a Crypto Mining Pool? Well, mining crypto has evolved from using a mere CPU (from computers and laptops) to a GPU (graphics processing unit) to an ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit). Pools are created when miners lack the efficient processing power to mine a cryptocurrency. Take Bitcoin, for instance. Miners with insufficient processing or computational power merge in “pools” to mine Bitcoin. Find out what a crypto mining pool is, how it works, and more!

What is a Crypto Mining Pool?

A crypto mining pool is a group of miners who combine their computational resources over a network to strengthen their chances of mining a block on a blockchain network. Mining cryptocurrencies, particularly Bitcoin, requires significant computational power. A single miner competing with other miners globally may find it challenging to mine a block successfully. Therefore, miners form pools to increase their combined computational power, thereby enhancing their chances of mining a block and earning rewards.

How do Crypto Mining Pools Work

Participating in a mining pool enhances your prospects of earning rewards for your mining endeavours and enables you to compete alongside prominent players in the mining industry. If you’re interested in joining a crypto mining pool, follow these steps:

Select Your Equipment

Cryptocurrencies can be mined using various mining devices with sufficient computational power. Mining software necessitates a graphics processing unit (GPU) and a central processing unit (CPU), which are prevalent components in most computer systems. However, due to heightened demand for crypto mining, GPU and CPU mining might not be as efficient as in the past. Instead, consider opting for an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a specialized mining machine.

RelatedWhat is ASIC Mining? How to Start ASIC Mining

Verify Pool Transparency

Before joining:

  1. Ensure the mining pool operates transparently, and the manager acts in good faith.
  2. Scrutinize details such as the overall pool hash rate’s accuracy based on preliminary assessments.
  3. Review the pool’s reward distribution method and look for indications of low-reward systems. If you’re uncomfortable with the payment structure, consider a different pool that aligns with your preferences.

Evaluate Pool Stability

Pool stability is a crucial factor to assess before joining. Stability pertains to whether the pool experiences downtime, which impacts your mining efficiency and potential profits. Research the pool’s history, including its defence mechanisms against DDoS attacks (common with increased pooling activity) and the activation of firewalls. Inquire whether the pool has faced and withstood any attacks or instances of downtime. 

Examine Pool Fees

Most pools impose fees, though some operate without them. For instance, SlushPool, the longest-standing operational mining pool, charges a 2% pool fee on rewards and a 0.0001 bitcoin payout fee for amounts below 0.01 bitcoin. Another example is P2Pool, an older fee-less pool with potentially lower hashing power due to its strictly peer-to-peer structure.

Consider Pool Size and Computing Power

The volume of coins a mining pool generates over time corresponds to its computational prowess. A pool’s size might influence its mining speed; generally, larger pools mine faster. Bigger pools boast higher odds of generating blocks due to their superior computational capabilities, whereas smaller pools often require more time.

Yet, a smaller pool equipped with modern ASIC hardware and efficient miners might outperform a mining farm relying on outdated resources. Ultimately, the mining pool with the highest hash rate usually prevails.

Make Your Pool Selection and Initiate Mining

You can begin mining after conducting thorough research, assembling your equipment, and identifying a suitable pool.

How to Create a Crypto Mining Pool

Have you ever wondered how to create your crypto-mining pool? Now that you understand the concept behind a mining pool, let’s discuss how to create one. It might seem like a daunting task, but with the proper guidance, it’s feasible. Here’s a step-by-step guide: 

Choose the proper hardware: You’ll need powerful computers with high-end graphics cards and processors. Remember that mining is a resource-intensive process; the more power you have, the better.

Select your cryptocurrency: Not all cryptocurrencies are mineable. Bitcoin and Ethereum are the most popular, but you’ll need to research and choose the one that’s right for you.

Get the necessary software: You can use several types of software to create your mining pool. Some options include coin daemon, stratum server, and frontend software.

Configure your pool: This involves setting up your server, configuring your software, and establishing your payout system.

Test your pool: Before launching, it’s crucial to test your pool to ensure it’s working correctly. This can prevent potential issues down the line.

Launch your pool: Once everything is set up and tested, you’re ready to launch. Invite others to join your pool and start mining!

How do mining pools share rewards?

Have you ever wondered how the lucrative world of crypto mining works? But the question remains: How exactly do mining pools share rewards? Well, there are primarily two methods that mining pools use to distribute rewards: 

Pay-per-share (PPS): Each miner is paid according to their contributed computational power to the pool, regardless of whether the pool successfully mines a block. It’s like getting paid for your work, irrespective of the overall outcome.

Proportional (PROP): In this method, miners are only paid when the pool successfully mines a block. The reward is then split proportionally based on each miner’s contributed computational power. Think of it like sharing a pie – the more significant your contribution, the larger your piece.

Understanding the reward distribution methods is crucial as it directly impacts your potential earnings in a mining pool. It’s all about selecting the correct pool that aligns with your mining capabilities and financial goals.

Remember, both methods have pros and cons; choosing between them often boils down to your risk tolerance. Are you comfortable getting a steady but smaller payout with PPS? Or would you rather risk getting a larger but less guaranteed payout with PROP? The choice is yours!

List of Crypto Mining Pools

There are hundreds of mining pools on a blockchain, and they are typically focused on mining the native coin of that blockchain. Are you thinking of joining the mining pool? Here are five of the best mining pools for beginners. 

Slush Pool

Slush Pool is one of the largest mining pools that allows users to easily mine ZEC and BTC. Its servers are in Europe, the U.S., Canada, Singapore, Japan, and Russia. It provides statistical proof that your rewards are fair. 

This platform includes a security toolkit to help you keep your data safe in the cloud. It is compatible with both iOS and Android. They have proprietary software called Braiins OS+ that allows them to auto-tune mining hash rates and power consumption on various mining equipment.


ECOS is the industry’s most trusted cloud mining provider. It was founded in the Free Economic Zone in 2017. It is the first cloud mining service provider with legal standing. ECOS has over 100,000 users from around the world. It is the first cryptocurrency investment platform to offer a full range of digital asset products and tools.


F2Pool was founded in 2013, making it one of the first mining pools for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The pool can simultaneously mine cryptocurrencies on multiple blockchains, a process known as “merged mining.” Mining Bitcoin with the pool can also earn you free coins. It has an 18.26% stake and is one of the largest Bitcoin mining pools.

Genesis Mining

Genesis Mining is a cloud mining service that allows you to mine altcoins alongside Bitcoin. It hosts its mining machines in the cloud and thus sells mining packages at a set price for each cryptocurrency supported.

You go to the website, sign up, select and pay for the package, and mining begins. The advantages include not having to deal with loud noises, excessive machine heating, complex setups and machines, software maintenance, a 100% uptime guarantee, and the best electricity rates to increase profitability.


With 16,400 active workers, ViaBTC is one of the world’s top five largest mining pools, accounting for 11.44% of the total BTC mining hash rate. It lets people mine Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, and over ten other cryptos. Its mining farms cost differently depending on the weather, although constant yearly price options exist.

You can mine with ASICs, CPUs, and GPUs or use cloud hash rates. It is the fourth largest mining pool, with a hash rate of 20422.07 PH/s.

Related: Which Bitcoin Mining Software is Best in 2023

Pool Mining vs. Solo Mining

Let’s examine the main differences between solo mining and mining in a pool.

Solo Mining

When you mine solo, you’re on your own. You’re responsible for maintaining your hardware, managing the mining software, and dealing with technical issues. The upside? You keep all the rewards for any successful mining you do, which is substantial if you’re lucky enough to mine a block. However, because the odds of successfully mining a block are so low for individual miners, it can be a long time between payouts – if you get a payout at all. Now, let’s contrast this with mining in a pool.

Pool Mining

Here, you’re part of a team of miners working together. The pool combines the computational power of all its members, significantly increasing the chances of successfully mining a block. When a block is mined, the rewards are split among the pool members based on the computational power each contributed. This means more regular – but smaller – payouts. It also means less hassle, as the pool management takes care of a lot of the technical side of things. So, which is more profitable? Well, that can depend on many factors, including the current price of the cryptocurrency you’re mining, the total computational power of the network, and your tolerance for risk and reward.

Mining solo can be more profitable – if you’re lucky enough to mine a block. But for many people, the more regular payouts and reduced hassle of pool mining make it a more attractive option.

Conclusion: Are Mining Pools Profitable?

The profitability of a mining pool depends on several factors, including the number of participants, the total computational power of the pool, the efficiency of your hardware and software, and the market value of the cryptocurrency you’re mining.

Increased chance of earning rewardsCosts associated with hardware and software
Stable income compared to solo miningProfits are shared among pool members
Ability to contribute to the decentralization of the networkRequires technical knowledge to set up and maintain

Creating a mining pool can be a profitable venture if managed correctly. However, it requires significant time, money, and technical knowledge. So, are you ready to dive into crypto mining pools?

Disclaimer: Please note that this article does not provide investment advice or recommendations. It’s essential to understand that every investment carries inherent risks. Readers are encouraged to conduct their own thorough research before making any financial decisions.

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