What is a Crypto Mining Pool

What is a Crypto Mining Pool? Is it Profitable?

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What is a Crypto Mining Pool? Well, mining crypto has evolved from using a mere CPU (from computers and laptops) to a GPU (graphics processing unit) to an ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit). Pools are created when miners lack the efficient processing power to mine a cryptocurrency. Take Bitcoin, for instance. Miners with insufficient processing/computational power team up in what is called “pools” to mine Bitcoin. Find out what is a crypto mining pool, how it works, and more!

What is a Crypto Mining Pool?

A mining pool is a group of resources owned by miners who pool their processing power over a network to split the reward equally based on the amount of work they contributed to the probability of finding a block.

Mining in pools began when the difficulty of mining increased to the point where it could take decades for slower miners to generate a block. The solution to this problem was for miners to pool their resources in order to generate blocks more quickly and thus receive a portion of the block reward on a consistent basis, rather than once every few years.

Smaller miners benefit from mining pools by allowing them to join a group where multiple participants pool their resources to purchase mining equipment rather than relying on a single individual. The more resources the group brings together, the better their chances of solving the math problem and mining a new block.

Mining pools enable users to pool their resources in order to compete against major players, which was previously difficult. Furthermore, it implies that each member of the mining pool receives a proportionate profit share.

How do Crypto Mining Pools Work

Individually, mining pool participants contribute their processing power to the effort of finding a block. If the pool is successful in these efforts, they are rewarded, usually in the form of the corresponding cryptocurrency.

Rewards are typically distributed among those who contributed based on the proportion of each individual’s processing power or work relative to the entire group. Individual miners may be required to show proof of work in some cases in order to receive their rewards.

Anyone interested in profiting from cryptocurrency mining has the option of going it alone with their own dedicated devices or joining a mining pool where multiple miners and their devices combine to increase their hashing output. Attaching six mining devices, each of which offers 335 megahashes per second (MH/s), for example, can generate a total of 2 gigahashes of mining power, resulting in faster hash function processing.

How to Join a Crypto Mining Pool

After you’ve learned about different crypto mining operations and cryptocurrency, you might want to try your hand at mining yourself. Joining a mining pool increases your chances of being rewarded for your mining work and allows you to compete with the mining industry’s top dogs. So, if you want to join a crypto mining pool? The steps are as follows:

Choose your equipment

Cryptocurrencies can be mined on a variety of mining devices as long as they have enough power. To function, mining applications require a graphics processing unit (GPU) and a central processing unit (CPU). These two components are found in almost all computer systems. However, due to the increased demand for crypto mining, GPU and CPU mining may not be as efficient as it once was. Instead, look for an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC). This is a specialized mining machine.

LEARN MORE: What is ASIC Mining? How to Start ASIC Mining

Make sure the pool is transparent

Before you join, make sure the mining pool is transparent and that the pool manager is acting in good faith. Check, for example, if the overall pool hash rate is correct based on surface-level findings. Check the pool’s payout method and look for evidence of low reward schemes. If the payment distribution method is not one with which you are comfortable, the pool may not be worthwhile, and you would be better off joining another pool.

Examine the mining pool’s stability

Another important factor to consider before joining a pool is its stability. The stability of the pool refers to whether or not it experiences downtime, which affects your mining ability and profits. In general, you’ll need to learn about the pool’s history, such as whether it has firewalls enabled and is vulnerable to DDoS attacks, which are common with increased pooling activity. Inquire whether the mining pool has resisted any attacks or downtime.

Many pools have support pages where you can find discussions, tips, and announcements about previous stability issues.

Examine the Pool Fees

Almost all pools charge fees, but some are designed to operate without them. SlushPool, for example, is the oldest mining pool still in operation, charging a pool fee of 2% of your reward and a payout fee of 0.0001 bitcoin on payouts less than 0.01 bitcoin.

P2Pool is another of the oldest pools still in operation—it has no fees, but its hashing power may be lower because it is strictly a peer-to-peer mining pool with no central miner.

Keep an eye out for the pool’s size and computing power.

The volume of coins mined by the mining pool over time is proportional to its computational power. The size of a pool may affect its mining time, but in general, the larger the pool, the faster it is to mine. Larger pools have a higher chance of generating blocks due to their greater computational capability, whereas smaller pools typically take longer.

A smaller pool with updated ASIC equipment and ASIC miners, on the other hand, can outperform a mining farm with obsolete resources. In the end, the mining pool with the highest hash rate usually wins.

Choose your pool and begin mining.

Start mining after you’ve done your research, gathered your equipment, and found a pool that suits you.

LEARN MORE: What is Bitcoin Mining? All you Need to Know

How to Create a Crypto Mining Pool

When it comes to setting up mining pools, blockchain networks typically provide extra assistance. Follow these six simple steps to create a mining pool:

Make a user ID.

You must first create a user ID before you can create your mining pool. Open the blockchain pool portal and click the button for a new user ID. Personal information, such as your username and password, will be requested. To ensure security, keep your password separate from the one you use on the blockchain and in your wallet. Confirm the information and submit it to create your user ID.

Set up a pool server.

The next step is to set up a server for the mining pool. To begin, you’ll need some cryptocurrency. Open the server and select it, for example, with Putty. After that, restart the server and configure it by following the instructions/prompts on the screen. Configuration is usually quick and easy. After the configuration is finished, the server will generate an ID for you.

The next step is to choose a server address from the list and save your selection by clicking submit. After saving the settings, you will see a configuration notice and a log-in button. You can now sign in using your credentials (username and password). You can encourage other miners to join your pool if you know how to set up a mining pool.

Make a new file with the desired name.

To start a mining pool, you must also create a server configuration file. In that format, server configuration files typically end with the “.conf” extension: name.conf. While you can name the file whatever you want, it is best to use the name of the cryptocurrency to be mined. You could, for example, use Monero.conf, Litecoin.conf, Bitcoin.conf, and so on. Then, click the save button or the floppy disk icon to save the file.

Set up rewards and other features.

Payouts are also required for the creation of a mining pool. Payouts are an important component that allows miners to receive their payouts. The next step is to select a server system that provides the mining pool features you require.

Some of these features include payouts, a website, a stratum server, IRC channels, notifications, and so on. It is critical because the system you choose will direct the mining pool. We recommend using the most recent versions of the server and systems to receive the best and most recent features.

Create your mining pool.

It is simple to establish your mining pool. Do you remember the WinSCP server? It is now time to configure the config.json file. Simply launch WinSCP and navigate to the config.json file.

Open it and enter your information to complete the configuration (username, password, site host, title, etc.). Follow the on-screen prompts to finish the configuration and save your new settings. The file is then submitted to the host blockchain, and you can proceed to the final step.

Accept the pool’s configuration.

The final stage is to configure the mining pool’s configuration. You can access that setting through WinSCP. After opening WinSCP and selecting the coin to mine, click enable. Other blank fields include the user’s password, payment method, and so on. Save your changes before exiting the configuration. You are now ready to start mining in a pool. After you’ve set up your mining pool, you should be able to test the mining process.

How do mining pools share rewards?

A pool’s miners are in charge of locating blocks of transactions and bringing them to the pool for verification. Most of the time, the action results in successfully validating a block, but not always if another pool or a solo miner verifies the block. This information is critical for comprehending the concept of a cryptocurrency mining pool.

“Share” is the principal concept of the mining pool operation. Share could be a possible block solution. A “share” is given to mining pool members who present valid partial proof of work. Mining pools require shares to estimate the miner’s contribution to the pool’s work to find a block.

Mining Pool Methods

Different mining pools have different mechanisms that allow them to distribute rewards among various miners. Some of the commonly used distribution reward system types are explained below:


The Pay-per-share (PPS) approach provides a miner with an instant, guaranteed payout for their contribution to the pool’s probability of finding a block. Miners are paid out of the pool’s existing balance and have the option to withdraw their payout immediately. This model allows for the least amount of variation in payment for miners while also shifting a large portion of the risk to the pool’s operator.

Solo Mining Pool

The only difference between solo pools and regular pools is that the block reward is not distributed to all miners. In a solo pool, the miner who discovers the block receives the entire reward.

Peer-to-Peer Mining Pool

Peer-to-peer mining pooling (P2Pool) decentralizes a pool server’s responsibilities, eliminating the possibility of the pool operator cheating or the server being a single point of failure. Miners operate on a separate blockchain known as a “share chain,” mining at a lower difficulty rate of one share block every 30 seconds.

A share block is transmitted and merged onto the blockchain once it reaches the network target. Miners are rewarded proportionally to the shares submitted prior to the target block when this occurs. A P2Pool requires miners to run a full node, incurring hardware costs and network bandwidth.


Miners are only paid when a new block is mined using this method. The payment is made in the same proportion that computing power was contributed to the pool. This method distributes the rewards in the same way that a joint-stock company would.

Pooled mining

Pooled mining (BPM), also known as “Slush’s system” because it was first used on the “Slush’s pool,” employs a system in which older shares from the beginning of a block round are given less weight than more recent shares. When the pool solves a block, a new round begins, and miners are rewarded proportionally for the shares they submitted. This reduces the ability to exploit the mining pool system by changing pools during a round in order to maximize profit.


The pay-per-last-N-shares (PPLNS) method is similar to proportional, but the miner’s reward is based on N last shares rather than all shares for the previous round. When a block is discovered, the reward for each miner is calculated based on the miner’s contribution to the previous N pool shares. As a result, if the round is short enough, all miners profit more, and vice versa.

List of Crypto Mining Pools

There are hundreds of mining pools on a blockchain, and they are typically focused on mining the native coin of that blockchain. Are you thinking of joining the mining pool? Here are five of the best mining pools for beginners. 

Slush Pool

Slush Pool is one of the largest mining pools that allows users to easily mine ZEC and BTC. Its servers are located in Europe, the U.S., Canada, Singapore, Japan, and Russia. It provides statistical proof that your rewards are fair. 

This platform includes a security toolkit to help you keep your data safe in the cloud. It is compatible with both iOS and Android. They have proprietary software called Braiins OS+ that allows them to auto-tune mining hash rates and power consumption on various mining equipment.


ECOS is the industry’s most trusted cloud mining provider. It was founded in the Free Economic Zone in 2017. It is the first cloud mining service provider with legal standing. ECOS has over 100,000 users from around the world. It is the first cryptocurrency investment platform to offer a full range of digital asset products and tools.


F2Pool was founded in 2013, making it one of the first mining pools for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The pool can be used to mine multiple cryptocurrencies on multiple blockchains at the same time, a process known as “merged mining.” Mining bitcoin with the pool can also earn you free coins. It has an 18.26% stake and is one of the largest Bitcoin mining pools.

Genesis Mining

Genesis Mining is a cloud mining service that allows you to mine altcoins alongside Bitcoin. It hosts its mining machines in the cloud and thus sells mining packages at a set price for each cryptocurrency supported.

You simply go to the website, sign up, select and pay for the package, and mining begins. The advantages include not having to deal with loud noises, excessive machine heating, complex setups and machines, software maintenance, a 100% uptime guarantee, and the best electricity rates to increase profitability.


With 16,400 active workers, ViaBTC is one of the top five largest mining pools in the world, accounting for 11.44% of the total BTC mining hash rate. It also allows people to mine Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, and over 10 other cryptos. Its mining farms cost differently depending on the weather, although there are also constant yearly price options.

You can mine with ASICs, CPUs, and GPUs or use cloud hash rates. It is the fourth largest mining pool, with a hash rate of 20422.07 PH/s.

LEARN MORE: Which Bitcoin Mining Software is Best in 2023

Crypto Mining Pool vs Solo

Knowing the difference between a crypto mining pool and solo mining is essential to understanding what is a crypto mining pool.

Crypto Mining pools and solo mining are similar in some ways, but solo mining is done alone, whereas pool mining is done with other people. Solo mining and pool mining are similar in some ways, but solo mining is done alone, whereas pool mining is done with others. Individual miners join forces and combine their computing power in the pool mining process to increase the chances of mining a block.

Solo mining, on the other hand, is the process of mining cryptocurrency by yourself. This means you must handle the entire mining process on your own. When Bitcoin mining first began, it was done solely by its founder, the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto. Nakamoto did this with a CPU, which was the standard for a long time before GPU, ASIC, and pool mining became popular.


Mining pools distribute the burden of cryptocurrency mining among pool members while increasing their chances of earning rewards. Anyone can join a mining pool at any time, and there is information available on how to create one. Mining pools benefit from remote access, higher hash rates, and fewer hardware requirements for members.

Crypto Mining FAQ

Yes! Mining pools are a very profitable way to mine cryptocurrencies that use the proof of work (PoW) consensus algorithm, especially since its difficulty increases with an increase in mining adoption.
Yes! A criterion to look out for before joining a mining pool is to find out if the pool has firewalls enabled or offers a secure connection like a VPN, so you don't fall victim to DDOS attacks, which are common with increased pooling activity.

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